* Everything you need to know about CAB
(Delhi Ms. Kiran Beniwal) : The word CAB refers to Citizenship (Amendment) Bill which comes under Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019. It is framed to provide citizenship to the six minority communities from three countries named Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh. These six religious communities include:
* Reasons to table CAB
The basic reason behind the table of Citizenship (Amendment) Bill is to provide citizenship to the peoples who left their countries (Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh) because of exploitation and religious persecution and living in the India without any identity for years after partition.
- The first criticism faced by the government is that the bill is against the MUSLIMS as the bill does not allow citizenship to the muslim community people only and it violates the Article 14 of the Constitution, which guarantees the right to equality.
- Secondly, opposition claims that if the bill’s intention is clear to provide citizenship to the minorities of different countries then why it leaves the countries like Sri Lanka (where muslims are minority) and Myanmar (where millions of Rohingya muslims are homeless).
- And the last but not the least critique is how and where is India is going to place these outsiders as India is already facing economical slowdown and big unemployment rate in the country. For a developing country like India it’s like a burden and it will be better to dissolve its internal issues first for betterment of existing citizens.
* In Favour
- Views in favour is that on the basis of HUMANITY the persecuted minority people of the above countries should be given citizenship.
- Secondly, the bill appreciates the India’s old age culture of ‘सर्वे भवन्तु सुखिनः’ (Sarve Bhavantu Sukhinah), which always have provided refuge to the needy.
- The reason behind including countries only Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh is that before partition somehow all theses three counties were a part of India.